The volume and dynamics of domestic expenditures on research and development in the European Union

In the article, whose construction is of theoretical and empirical nature, the author attempted to achieve the following objectives: 1) identification and critical assessment of expenditures on research and development (GERD index), expressed in euro per inhabitant, incurred by statistical units concentrated in the sectors: business enterprises, government, higher education, private non-profit organizations and jointly in all sectors in countries members of the European Union. The level and dynamics of these expenditures are treated as an indirect measureof senior management’s involvement in creating R&D policy and efficient management in R&D phases; 2) an attempt to verify theses that R&D expenditures … Czytaj więcej »

Financial aspects of research and development policy in the European Union

In the article the author has attempted to realise the following goals:

1) identifying and critical assessment of the share of expenditure on research and development (R&D) in the gross domestic product (GDP) borne by business entities concentrated in four sectors (enterprises, government, higher education and private non-profit institutions) and jointly in all sectors. This meter is treated as an indirect measure of the level of managerial activity in shaping the research and development policy,

2) checking the thesis that R&D expenditure are changeable and differ in the particular Member States and does not give a clear positive picture of … Czytaj więcej »

Place of research and development activity in the development policy of enterprises

Jerzy BarukIn this article the author verifies the thesis that the popularity of investing in research and development activity (R&D)  in enterprises operating in the Member States of the European Union is variable and diverse. The basis of such verification is a statistical-comparative analysis of the results of the empirical researches on innovative trends in EU companies. The study was conducted in February 2015 by TNS Political & Social in 28 Member States of the European Union, Switzerland and the United States. Analysis of the popularity of investing in R&D in enterprises is carried out in  the following 3 dimensions: 1) … Czytaj więcej »