A systems approach to the development of educational standards for fostering personal values

- Liudmyla Shulhina, Anna Dąbrowska

This article proposes to consider the education system as a factor in the formation of people’s personal values. We examine students’ perceptions of the degree to which existing educational standards are oriented towards the formation and development of personal values, as well as formulate proposals for the implementation of a systems approach to the development […]

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Research and development expenditures in the sector of polish enterprises as an instrument of research and development policy

- Jerzy Baruk, PhD, Eng.

One of the important and open issues in modern businesses is the financing of research and development (R&D) activities, treated as an instrument of research and development policy. Maintaining the competitiveness of business entities requires the systemic creation and implementation of innovations, which requires expenditure on R&D activities. The aim of this paper is to […]

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Brand as a Customer Value Driver: Relationships with Customer Engagement

- Grzegorz Maciejewski, Piotr Krowicki

This article presents theoretical considerations regarding the concept of ‘brand’, identifying it as a value driver for customers and defining how important a brand is in the value creation process. Brand-related constructs (brand strength, brand value, brand equity, brand awareness, brand knowledge, brand reputation, brand image, and brand identity) found in the literature are defined, […]

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Testing Polish secondary-school students’ written social communication competence based on a timed composition task

- Krzysztof Gołata

This study experimentally evaluated Polish school students’ competence at written communication, understood as one of the forms of social communication. The task, performed online, was designed to see if the students were able to select the most important information from a given base text and to compose new texts on this basis to comply with […]

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Quality policy in creating organizational maturity in a medical tourism enterprise

This article examines the concept of organizational maturity, with particular emphasis on the importance that it can play in medical tourism. First, the concept of organization is subjected to an interdisciplinary interpretation in the light of the Polish and international literature on the subject. The influence of this area of enterprise management on the decisions […]

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How to Create an Effective Marketing Plan

Most small business owners know the importance of a business plan, which outlines your company’s course for success. One crucial element of that plan is your marketing strategy. Because this strategy is buried in the larger business plan, many small business owners may not give marketing the time, research and attention it deserves, assuming that […]

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4 Tips For Effective And Affordable Lead Generation

Lead generation is at the heart of every digital marketing endeavor. You simply cannot grow an online business without it. But getting lead generation right takes finesse. “Think about it,” says Ashley Walsh, VP of Marketing at Formstack, an online form building solution based in Indianapolis. “The ultimate goal is to generate high-quality leads that […]

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Twitter for Business: Everything You Need to Know

Social media is an important tool for any business owner, no matter the size and scope of the business. Learning to communicate with your demographic, albeit in 140 characters, can be useful when working with your customers. Learning more about Twitter can only benefit your business. Twitter is one of the top websites in the […]

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How to Use Facebook Retargeting and Custom Audiences to Drive Sales

We’re always looking for innovative ways to drive sales. One simple step which people often overlook is the potential purchasing power of your existing audience. It can be expensive to market to people who know nothing about your product, but less expensive to increase the lifetime value of your existing customers. When Facebook first released […]

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Investing in Social Media Advertising

Previously we wrote about getting started with social media, and together with what we have written about achieving social success, you should be able to create a dynamic presence on several social media platforms. But this does not guarantee that everything you post will be seen by a large number of your followers, or that […]

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